How to say "Cheers" in Russian?
Toasting is not common in every country. However, in Russia, every time before drinking from your glass, you need to say a toast. If you drink in silence and do not say anything, it may be considered impolite. Many people there like to speak long speeches, especially if it is a wedding, birthday or another important event. If it's just a party or dinner with friends, you can simply say the word equivalent to an international “ Cheers”. Of course, you do not need to repeat the same word many times during the evening. That is why Russians have many different ways to say “Cheers”.
If you drink in silence and do not say anything, it may be considered impolite.
Also, Russians love to drink “to” something. For example, to health, to parents, to women, or even just to a meeting. Of course, consuming alcohol for health may seem illogical, but this is one of the most popular toasts in Russia. Besides that, you can always find what you want to drink for. For example, you can offer to your friends a glass of vodka for any positive event in your life. It may be the birth of a child, graduation from a school or university, a trip or a significant purchase. By the way, Russian people really like to drink after they have done great shopping. There is even a special term for it - “Obmyt”, what literally means “Washing”. It’s just you do not wash your purchase with booze, but drink it.
As you already understood, in Russia there is a real culture of drinking or cheers etiquette. There are several short, simple and always relevant toasts that you can use while drinking. In addition, there are phrases and toasts that Russians use only among themselves, and if you know them, you will immediately become the most favorite guest.
Cheers in Russian
Za nas - [за нас] - to us - This is one of the easiest and most common ways to toast in the Russian language. It means “to us”, that is, to ensure that everything is good with us.
Za Vas - [за вас] - to you (polite version). Usually, such a toast is pronounced by younger people to older ones. however, you can drink to your opponent, regardless of his age, as a sign of respect for him.
Za zdаrovie - [за здоровье] - to the health. Another way to say “Cheers” in Russia. This toast means that you wish good health to people with whom you share this moment.
Za dam - [за дам] - to women. As in any other country, in Russia, one of the first glasses is often drunk for women.
Za raditeley - [за родителей] - to parents. Toast to parents is always the third in the order. It means a wish for health, good mood and longevity to all parents.
Za nashikh mam - [за наших мам] - to our mothers. One of the oldest ways to say “Cheers”, which always remains popular.
Za vstrechy - [за встречу] - to the meeting. This phrase often pronounced during a party among friends. “Let's have a glass just for being here, for the meeting”.
Za liubof - [за любовь] - to love. Also very popular toast, which is perfectly appropriate in the second part or at the end of the celebration.
Poehali! - [поехали] - let’s start. This famous Russian phrase is pronounced when almost everything is drunk and the party is about to be finished.
Na pasashok - [на посошок] - the last one! - This phrase is pronounced when the last glass of wine is drunk and it's time to leave. According to this good tradition, before leaving the house, you should have the last drink. By the way, this word exists only in Russia and is not translated into other languages of the world.
S dnyom Razhdeniya - [с днем рождения] - Happy Birthday. Friends, relatives, and colleagues will surely tell you this if today is your day of birth.
Za tebya - [за тебя] - to you. Simple and always relevant post. As in English, in Russian, you can simply tell your interlocutor that you drink for him.
Za imeninika - [за именинника] - to the birthday girl / boy.
Gorko - [горько] - for newlyweds. In English, this word means "bitterly", but for Russian people this is the main wedding toast. Despite its meaning in English, this is a wish for a happy and “sweet” life to the newlyweds.
Zanavabrátchnyh - [за новобрачных] - for newlyweds.
Za krasáveetsoo neevyéstoo - [за красавицу невесту] - to the beautiful bride.
Výpyim za lubóf - [выпьем за любовь] - let’s drink to love.
How to say “Cheers” in other languages?