It’s hard to imagine that a village could one day become a megapolis. But, the rulers of Dubai proved that it is not impossible. This is the story of Dubai, a city situated in the center of trade routes. We’ll divide the history of Dubai into two eras: before and after the discovery of oil.
The history of Dubai before the discovery of oil
In the 19th century, Dubai was a simple village on the shores of a creek. Due to its good position, the Dubai creek soon became an important fishing and pearl center. The market on the Deira side of the creek was famous in the whole Middle East.
Dubai has always hosted expatriate workers. Back in those times, Dubai accounted for 20,000 inhabitants. A quarter of its inhabitants were expatriates.
The Al Maktoum dynasty has played an important role. Sheikh Maktoum even made a deal with the British government. They made Dubai a British protectorate.
The pearl industry continued its rise until the appearance of the artificial pearl. Its growth hit the economy of Dubai. Therefore, the ruler of the country decided to refine his strategy. After the collapse of the pearl industry, Dubai became a re-export business port.
In these times, the United Arab Emirates didn’t exist. There were seven emirates including the most known Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, and Dubai. There was a conflict between Dubai and Abu Dhabi regarding their borders. The conflict even led to armed confrontations between these two emirates.